Prelude to War

Unknown year Military & War 1.12K Views 0 Comments
<em>Prelude to War</em> was the first film of Frank Capra’s Why We Fight propaganda film series, commissioned by the Office of War Information(OWI) and George C. Marshall. It was made to convince American troops of the necessity of combating the Axis Powers during World War II. The film was based on the idea that those in the service would be more willing and able fighters if they knew the background and reason for their participation in the war. It was later released to the general American public as a rallying cry for support of the war.

In an edit added to the film before public release, a comment by Henry L. Stimson, theSecretary of War at the time, was quoted to create trust with the audience, “the purpose of these films is to give factual information as to the causes, the events leading up to our entry into the war and the principles for which we are fighting.”

The purpose of the OWI was to use mass communication to sell the war and to define our perception of the reality of war; therefore, they released <em>Prelude to War</em> to further these goals. The film commences with an explanation of how Americans were brought into the war through heroic motives to protect countries unable to protect themselves. America had this duty to righteousness and Christian values throughout history, according to the values and beliefs set forth by the founding fathers.

The documentary makes use of compare and contrast methods throughout the film in order to transmit its heroic message. The primary images used within the film to portray the opponents of America are introduced by Henry Wallace as the “free world” — a brightly-illuminated planet of the Allies, and a “slave world” as a planet deep in shadow of the Axis Powers.

It examines the differences between this free, democratic state and the slave, fascist state represented by Benito Mussolini, Adolf Hitler andYamamoto working together as gangsters to conquer the world. In order to do this, Capra made use of footage from <em>Triumph of the Will</em>, but with different narration designed to support the Allied cause.

It is brought to the audience’s attention that after the Nazis smashed the opposing political parties and labor unions they turned their attention to their last remaining obstacle — the church. In one scene a stained glass window is shattered by several bricks to reveal a “Heil Hitler!” poster behind. To emphasize this depiction of Hitler as an antichrist figure, a class of German schoolchildren is shown singing:
<blockquote>Adolf Hitler is our Saviour, our hero
He is the noblest being in the whole wide world.
For Hitler we live,
For Hitler we die.
Our Hitler is our Lord
Who rules a brave new world.</blockquote>

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